Megalithic cultures marked Solstices, Sirius Rising
Many – if not the majority — of the henges and standing stones erected by the Megalithic Culture displayed astronomical alignments with solstices, equinoxes and the movements of the sun, moon and stars. Some, such as Newgrange or Maes Howe would be masterpieces today, even without the incredible intricacies of their alignments. Add in their sophisticated astronomical capabilities – Maes Howe is aligned to the setting winter solstice sun and to the winter setting full Venus, while Newgrange is aligned to the rising Winter Solstice sun and the winter rising full Venus – and you have artifacts of unparalleled sophistication for their time…
At around the same time – as much as two thousand years prior to the pyramids – a pre-dynastic Egyptian people began building their own megalithic structures on the Nabta plateau near the Sudanese border. These structures would seem to mark the position where the morning star, Sirius, would have risen at the [Summer] Solstice.
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The Nebra disk can be linked to the solar calendar reconstructed by Alexander Thom from his analysis of standing stone alignments in Britain.
MacKie has argued that several aspects of the disk support this view, following up the work of Prof. Wolfhard Schlosser.
The first is that the Mittelberg – the hill on which the disk is supposed to have been found – is so situated that when the sun sets at two distant mountain peaks in the north-west, both midsummer and May Day are accurately marked.
From Wiki at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nebra_sky_disk
Entry filed under: Astronomy Notes on the Web.