Aussie aborigines were first astronomers?
I came across an interesting article in ABC.net on the traitions and myths of the aborigines in Australia. The named one constellation the Great Emu, and use it to time their egg-collecting.
<blockquote>For example, at different times of the year the Emu in the Sky is oriented so it appears to be either running or sitting down. Depending upon its position people in the western desert knew it was time to hunt for emus or collect their eggs.
When Scorpius was visible in the evening sky towards the end of April people of Groote Eylandt in the Gulf of Carpentaria knew the wet season was over and the dry south-easterly wind marimariga would soon begin to blow.
The Boorong people in north western Victoria looked to the mallee fowl constellation, Neilloan (Lyra), to tell them when they should harvest the bird’s eggs. When Neilloan appeared in the north-west sky around April, they knew the birds would be preparing their mound-like nests. The disappearance of Neilloan in late September or early October meant it was time to start gathering.</blockquote>
You can read the whole article at — http://www.abc.net.au/science/articles/2009/07/27/2632463.htm